This Week in the American Civil War: June 21-27, 1865

MN150Logo_OL_FNLInformation courtesy of the

Minnesota Civil War Commemoration Task Force

(www.mncivilwar150.com and “Minnesota Civil War 150” on Facebook)

 

Major Highlights for the Week

Wednesday June 21, 1865

President Andrew Johnson named Lewis E. Parsons as provisional governor of Alabama.

The 13th annual meeting of the New Hampshire Homeopathic Medical Society met in Concord, New Hampshire.

Frances Adeline Seward, the wife of Secretary of State William H. Seward, passed away of a heart attack at age 60.

Thursday June 22, 1865

The 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th and 6th Vermont Volunteer Infantry Regiments left Washington, D.C. headed to Burlington, Vermont. The 16th and 37th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry Regiments also left Washington, D.C. for their home state and subsequent muster out.

The C.S.S. Shenandoah, located in the Bering Sea, captured two whaling vessels.

The War Department issued the following numbers for troop reductions: Army of the Potomac – 18,000; Army of Tennessee – 15,000; Middle Military Division – 7,000.The total reduction in force is slated to hit 70,000 and is governed under General Order 94.

Friday June 23, 1865

President Andrew Johnson declared the Federal blockade of the Southern states, in existence since April 1861, at an end.

At Dokesville, near Fort Towson, Indian Territory, former Confederate Brigadier General Stand Watie surrendered the Cherokee, Creek, Seminole and Osage Battalion to Lieutenant Colonel Asa Mathews. The Creek Indian general represented the last formal submission of any sizable body of Confederate troops.

Rear Admiral Samuel F. DuPont died suddenly in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

The headquarters of the Army of the Potomac, on the Virginia side of the Potomac River near the Long Bridge, is scheduled to be broken up as more regiments are discharged from Federal service.

Saturday June 24, 1865

President Andrew Johnson removed commercial restrictions from states and territories west of the Mississippi River.

Employees at Harper’s Weekly wrote a column titled “Our Duty in Reorganization” to share its opinions on the reconstruction effort in North Carolina with a broader audience.

Lieutenant General Ulysses Grant gave a reception to the Union League and their families in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Sunday June 25, 1865

Robert Henri, who would later achieve fame as an American painter and leading figure of the Ashcan School of American Realism, was born in Cincinnati, Ohio.

The U.S. Navy named the following officers to their new commands: Commander J. Cooper to command the U.S.S. Winona; Commander Falius Stanley to command the U.S.S. Tuscarora; Commander R.W. Shuzell to command the U.S.S. Hartford; and Lieutenant Commander W.B. Cushing is relieved from the New York Navy Yard and assigned to the U.S.S. Hartford.

Monday June 26, 1865

For the first time in four years, direct overland communication between New York, New York and Richmond, Virginia, along an old railroad route, was opened.

President Andrew Johnson was sick and did not take any visitors.

Frederick W. Seward, son of Secretary of State William H. Seward and the late Frances Adeline Seward, was able to walk to an adjoining apartment. This was the first time he was able to do so since the April 14 assassination attempt on his father at the same time that President Lincoln was killed.

Acting under the orders of the Secretary of the Interior, the local land officers in St. Peter, Minnesota were not permitted to sell land from the Winnebago Indian reservation at a price less than their appraised value until otherwise ordered. This affected approximately 8,000 acres which were unsold.

Tuesday June 27, 1865

The trial of the Lincoln Assassination conspirators continued for yet another day with more witnesses called to the stand.

The Old Capitol Prison and its grounds in Washington, D.C., were offered for sale at public auction following the instructions of the U.S. Supreme Court. Even though there were five bidders present, the auction was postponed.

The Honorable Edward Hubbard of Virginia was in Washington, D.C. petitioning President Andrew Johnson for a presidential pardon.

Where Minnesota Regiments were the week of June 21-27, 1865 

Active units:

1st Battalion Minnesota Infantry – On duty in Louisville, Kentucky until July 15, 1865.

2nd Minnesota Volunteer Infantry – On duty in Louisville, Kentucky until July 11, 1865.

3rd Minnesota Volunteer Infantry – On duty at Batesville, Arkansas until September 2, 1865.

4th Minnesota Volunteer Infantry – On duty in Louisville, Kentucky until July 19, 1865.

5th Minnesota Volunteer Infantry – On duty at Montgomery, Selma and Demopolis, Alabama until August 1865.

6th Minnesota Volunteer Infantry – On duty at Montgomery, Alabama until July 1865.

7th Minnesota Volunteer Infantry – On duty at Selma, Alabama until July 20, 1865.

8th Minnesota Volunteer Infantry – On duty at Raleigh, Greensboro and Charlotte, N.C. until July 11, 1865.

9th Minnesota Volunteer Infantry – On duty at Montgomery and Selma, Alabama until July 26, 1865.

10th Minnesota Volunteer Infantry – On duty at Meridian, Mississippi until July 1865.

11th Minnesota Volunteer Infantry – Assigned to duty guarding the line of the Louisville & Nashville Railroad from Nashville to the Kentucky line. Companies E, G, and I were at Gallatin, Tennessee. Company A was at Buck Lodge. Company B at Edgefield Junction. Company C at Richland. Company D at Sandersville. Company H was at Mitchellsville. The location of companies F and K are unknown at this time. The regiment remained on duty at these locations until June 25, 1865.

2nd Regiment Minnesota Cavalry – Engaged in frontier and patrol duty between Forts Wadsworth, Abercrombie, Ripley and Ridgely with headquarters at Fort Snelling, until November 17, 1865.

Brackett’s Battalion of Minnesota Cavalry – Engaged in frontier and patrol duty between Forts Wadsworth, Abercrombie, Ripley and Ridgely with headquarters at Fort Snelling until May 1866.

Hatch’s Independent Battalion of Cavalry – Companies A, B, C and D moved to Fort Abercrombie. Companies A and B assigned to garrison at Fort Abercrombie.  Company C assigned to garrison at Alexandria and Pomme de Terre. Company D on patrol duty from Fort Abercrombie to Pembina.  Companies E and F on frontier duty. The battalion would remain in these duty locations for the duration of the war – until April 26, 1866.

1st Minnesota Heavy Artillery Battery – On garrison duty at Chattanooga, Tennessee until September 27, 1865.

1st Minnesota Light Artillery Battery – En route to St. Paul, Minnesota for final mustering out in July 1865.

2nd Independent Battery Minnesota Light Artillery – On duty in Philadelphia, Tennessee until July 1865.

3rd Independent Battery Minnesota Light Artillery – On duty in Dakota Territory until October 1865.                                                                                                                                   

Inactive units: 

1st Regiment Minnesota Cavalry “Mounted Rangers” – Formally mustered out of service on December 7, 1863. Inactive.  

1st Minnesota Volunteer Infantry – Mustered out of Federal service on April 29, 1864. Inactive. 

2nd United States Sharpshooters, Company A – Transferred to the 1st Battalion, Minnesota Infantry on February 20, 1865 at Petersburg, Virginia for duration of service.

1st United States Sharpshooters Company I Mustered out of Federal Service on March 19, 1865.

About civilwarweek

Member - Minnesota Civil War Commemoration Task Force, Civil War reenactor and historian since 1993, holds Bachelor's Degree in History from Concordia University-St. Paul, currently pursuing Master's Degree in History at St. Cloud State University and is author of the forthcoming book, "Muskets and Memories: A Modern Man's Journey through the Civil War."
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